What is the difference between the two? A permanent commission in the army means that if selected, you have the option to serve till you retire which is up to the age of 60. In a Short Service Commission, initially there will be only 10 years of service which can be extended for another 4 years subject to the medical fitness of the recruits.
Interested students can apply for permanent commissions straight after completing their class 12th examination. After clearing the UPSC exams and a five day selection process and medical tests you finally become a part of the academy.
After passing from the NDA, Army Cadets go to the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun. On subsequent completion of training, gentleman cadets are given the rank of lieutenant subject to being medically fit.
The candidates are given an allowance of 21000 per month.
Short Service Commission
In the months of July and November all the national and regional dailies advertise for short service commission for both men and women. Selection is made every year in the month of September and February after a written exam conducted by UPSC.
People have the option to join the army for a shorter period that is 10 to 14 years. At the end of the tenure they can either opt for a permanent commission or retire with benefits. Once selected the trainees go to the officers training academy in Chennai. The duration of the training would be 49 weeks.
All trainees who complete the training are presented with “Post Graduate Diploma in Defence Management”. Officers who pass out from the commission are bound to serve anywhere in India or abroad.
Training is provided at the OTA at government expense and everyone who completes the training are admitted as lieutenant.
The best part is that there are also women officers in the Indian army most of whom join the short service commission and prove to everyone that they are second to none when it comes to courage and command.